Elected pope on January 8, 1198, Innocent III reformed the Roman Curia, reestablished and expanded the pope’s authority over the Papal States, worked tirelessly to launch Crusades to recover the Holy Land, combated heresy in Italy and southern France, shaped a powerful and original doctrine of papal power within the
- 1 What Pope established the basic form of monastic life in the Western Christian Church?
- 2 What were the 4 great cities with powerful bishops?
- 3 Which Roman official ordered the execution of Jesus?
- 4 What roles did priests bishops and popes play in the early Christian church?
- 5 Who established the basic form of monastic life in the West?
- 6 What is pope Gregory I known for?
- 7 Who are the 5 Apostolic sees?
- 8 What are the five patriarchs?
- 9 Who deposed the last Roman emperor?
- 10 What happened to Pilate and Caiaphas?
- 11 What happened to Pontius Pilate after Jesus was crucified?
- 12 What happened to Barabbas?
- 13 How did the church gain political power?
- 14 Why did the pope have influence over many other bishops?
- 15 What is the role of Archbishop?
What Pope established the basic form of monastic life in the Western Christian Church?
How did Benedict establish the basic form of monastic life in the western Christian church? Why were monasteries important to education and learning?
What were the 4 great cities with powerful bishops?
It was formulated in the laws of Emperor Justinian I (527–565) of the Roman Empire. In this model, the Christian church is governed by the heads (patriarchs) of the five major episcopal sees of the Roman Empire: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem.
Which Roman official ordered the execution of Jesus?
Pontius Pilate was the Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 CE) who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
What roles did priests bishops and popes play in the early Christian church?
Terms in this set (12)
- priests led parishes and bishops held positions of special power in church affairs.
- claimed to be the successor of 1st pope, peter.
- gregory I- took control of rome and extended papal authority over the christian church in the west.
Who established the basic form of monastic life in the West?
St. Benedict was a religious reformer who lived in Italy in the late 400s and early 500s. He is known as the “father of Western monasticism,” having established a Rule that would become the norm for innumerable Christian monks and nuns.
What is pope Gregory I known for?
He is known for instigating the first recorded large-scale mission from Rome, the Gregorian Mission, to convert the then-pagan Anglo-Saxons in England to Christianity. Gregory is also well known for his writings, which were more prolific than those of any of his predecessors as pope.
Who are the 5 Apostolic sees?
Formulated in the legislation of the emperor Justinian I (527–565), especially in his Novella 131, the theory received formal ecclesiastical sanction at the Council in Trullo (692), which ranked the five sees as Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem.
What are the five patriarchs?
Five patriarchates, collectively called the pentarchy (q.v.), were the first to be recognized by the legislation of the emperor Justinian (reigned 527–565), later confirmed by the Council in Trullo (692); these five were Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, though, after the Muslim invasions of
Who deposed the last Roman emperor?
Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacer, a German barbarian who proclaims himself king of Italy. Odoacer was a mercenary leader in the Roman imperial army when he launched his mutiny against the young emperor.
What happened to Pilate and Caiaphas?
In the year 36 C.E., both Caiaphas and Pilate were dismissed from office by Syrian governor, Vitellius, according to Jewish historian Josephus. It seems likely that the cause of their dismissal was growing public unhappiness with their close cooperation.
What happened to Pontius Pilate after Jesus was crucified?
According to some traditions, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered Pontius Pilate to death by execution or suicide. By other accounts, Pontius Pilate was sent into exile and committed suicide of his own accord.
What happened to Barabbas?
He was jailed for murder and for insurrection against the Roman government. Not much else is mentioned about him in scripture, except that he was the man chosen to be released by Pilate instead of Jesus. Other historical documents provide no proof as to what became of him after his release.
How did the church gain political power?
The church further demonstrated their power by making their own laws and setting up courts to uphold them. They also had economic power by collecting taxes and controlling the largest amount of land in Europe. Also when Pope Gregory excommunicated King Henry IV it should that the church power rivaled kings and queens.
Why did the pope have influence over many other bishops?
Why did the pope have influence over many other bishops? The pope was the bishop of the largest city (Rome), and just as Peter had been the first bishop of Rome and leader of all the apostles, the pope would also lead the other bishops.
What is the role of Archbishop?
Archbishops are particularly important bishops. They oversee large areas of churches called archdiocese. The title comes from the Greek word meaning “chief”. Bishops report directly to them when in need of assistance or guidance.