Quick Answer: What Was Constructed As A Greek Temple, But Has Also Served As A Christian Church And A Mosque.?

Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon served a practical purpose as the city treasury. In the final decade of the 6th century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. After the Ottoman conquest, the Parthenon was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s.

Who built the Acropolis and Parthenon?

Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt by order of Pericles during the so-called Golden Age of Athens (460–430 BC). Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.

Who built the Acropolis?

Many people often wonder who were the people who built the incredible monuments of the Acropolis. The answer is simple Iktinos and Kallicrates who were architects along with Phidias, the famous Greek sculptor.

Why was the Parthenon converted into a Christian church?

The Parthenon is converted to a mosque After the brief conquest of Byzantium by the Crusaders during the Fourth Crusade (1204) the Parthenon Christian church was looted and then converted into a Catholic church, under the name “Santa Maria di Atene”.

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Who was the Temple of Hephaestus built for?

Temple of Hephaestus (circa. Built to honour Hephaistos, the patron of metal workers and Athena Ergane, patroness of potters and crafts in general, it was built around the same time as the Parthenon. The temple was converted into the church of St George around the 7th century.

How was Parthenon constructed?

The blocks were carved and trimmed by hand on-site with meticulous precision —a necessity when building without mortar. Because the Athenians were a great naval power, experts speculate that they adeptly used a system of pulleys, ropes, and wood cranes to tow and lift the marble blocks.

Which Greek god was the Parthenon built?

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.

When was the Acropolis constructed?

Athens has the best-known acropolis, built during the second half of the 5th century bc. The Athenian acropolis, located on a craggy, walled hill, was built as a home of Athena, the patron goddess of the city.

What was the Acropolis used for in ancient Greece?

Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a citadel, a mythical home of the gods, a religious center and a tourist attraction.

Why was Athens built?

According to the tradition, Athens was founded, when the king Theseus united in a state several settlements of Attica. The last king of ancient Athens was Kodros, who sacrificed his life in order to save the homeland. Later came to power the nobles (wealthy landowners).

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What does the Parthenon represent?

The Parthenon was an expression and embodiment of Athenian wealth, and it was a symbol of Athenian political and cultural preeminence in Greece in the middle of the fifth century. It was larger and more opulent than any temple that had been constructed on the Greek mainland before.

Why did Pericles build the Parthenon?

Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace an existing temple which was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to build. The work began under the orders of Pericles to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.

What was the Temple of Hephaestus made out of?

The temple is built of marble from the nearby Mt. Penteli, excepting the bottom step of the krepis or platform. The architectural sculpture is in both Pentelic and Parian marble.

Where is the temple of hephaistos?

The Temple of Hephaistos, also called Hephaisteion and Theseion, was a Doric temple erected on Kolonos Agoraios hill in the northwestern area of Athens, Greece.

What was the function of Temple of Hephaestus?

Ancient Greek temple

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