It was built as a Christian church in the 6th century ce (532–537) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. In subsequent centuries it became a mosque, a museum, and a mosque again.
- 1 Who built the famous church Hagia Sophia?
- 2 Which emperor built the Hagia Sophia church?
- 3 When was the Hagia Sophia built?
- 4 Who first built the Hagia Sophia?
- 5 Who were the original architects that designed the Hagia Sophia?
- 6 Who built St Sophia in Istanbul?
- 7 Why did the Ottomans convert the Hagia Sophia?
- 8 Who made Ayasofya?
- 9 How did they build Hagia Sophia?
- 10 What religion did the Byzantine Empire follow *?
- 11 Why is the history of Hagia Sophia so complex?
- 12 Is Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia the same?
Who built the famous church Hagia Sophia?
Built by the eastern Roman emperor Justinian I as the Christian cathedral of Constantinople for the state church of the Roman Empire between 532 and 537, the church was then the world’s largest interior space and among the first to employ a fully pendentive dome.
Which emperor built the Hagia Sophia church?
The church of Hagia Sophia (literally “Holy Wisdom”) in Constantinople, now Istanbul, was first dedicated in 360 by Emperor Constantius, son of the city’s founder, Emperor Constantine. Hagia Sophia served as the cathedra, or bishop’s seat, of the city.
When was the Hagia Sophia built?
Hagia Sophia now known as the Ayasofya Museum, was the greatest Christian cathedral of the Middle Ages, later converted into an imperial mosque in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire, and into a museum in 1935. It is located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is considered one of the greatest and most beautiful buildings in history.
Who first built the Hagia Sophia?
Byzantine Emperor Constantius commissioned construction of the first Hagia Sophia in 360 A.D. At the time of the first church’s construction, Istanbul was known as Constantinople, taking its name from Constantius’ father, Constantine I, the first ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
Who were the original architects that designed the Hagia Sophia?
The resultant Hagia Sophia was built in the remarkably short time of about six years, being completed in 537 ce. Unusual for the period in which it was built, the names of the building’s architects— Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus —are well known, as is their familiarity with mechanics and mathematics.
Who built St Sophia in Istanbul?
Constantine the Great played a major role in the development of the Christian Church in the 4th century.
Why did the Ottomans convert the Hagia Sophia?
Turkey does not need another mosque. The main reason for Erdogan’s conversion of the Hagia Sofia was his desire to arouse Muslim passions for populist purposes in an Arab-Islamic world longing for a fresh awakening.
Who made Ayasofya?
In 330 A.D., Constantine established the city that would make its mark in the ancient world as Constantinople, but also would become known by other names, including the Queen of Cities, Istinpolin, Stamboul and Istanbul.
How did they build Hagia Sophia?
He built four massive columns at the corner of each square. On top of the columns, he built four arches. He then filled the spaces between the arches with masonry to create curved triangular shapes called pendentives. The pendentives and the tops of the arches combine to form a strong base for the dome.
What religion did the Byzantine Empire follow *?
The Empire gave rise to the Eastern Orthodox Church. Byzantium was almost always a Christian empire, but over the centuries its Greek-speaking church developed distinct liturgical differences from the Catholic, Latin-speaking church in the West.
Why is the history of Hagia Sophia so complex?
After conquering Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II immediately went to the Hagia Sophia and ordered that it be converted into a mosque. Buttresses on the eastern side were added during the Ottoman period. In time, the Hagia Sophia became a complex consisting of tombs, a fountain, a library and more.
Is Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia the same?
At first glance the Blue Mosque can indeed rival with the Hagia Sophia. By contrast, when compared to the Hagia Sophia, the interior is rather underwhelming. The central dome of the Blue Mosque, which is 23,5 meters in diameter and 43 meters high at its central point, is of course impressive.