Elected pope on January 8, 1198, Innocent III reformed the Roman Curia, reestablished and expanded the pope’s authority over the Papal States, worked tirelessly to launch Crusades to recover the Holy Land, combated heresy in Italy and southern France, shaped a powerful and original doctrine of papal power within the
- 1 Which pope stretched the power of the Church by claiming papal supremacy?
- 2 What is Pope Innocent III known for?
- 3 What did pope Innocent VIII do?
- 4 Which pope was in charge of the Catholic Church during the 1930s?
- 5 Who started papal supremacy?
- 6 Who is the current Pope of the Catholic Church?
- 7 What is a female pope called?
- 8 Who is considered the worst pope?
- 9 Who was the next pope after Borgia?
- 10 Who was the pope in 1923?
- 11 Which Pope died of hiccups?
Which pope stretched the power of the Church by claiming papal supremacy?
In 1303 Pope Boniface VIII attempted to end a war between France and the Holy Roman Empire through an agreement that restated the Pope’s supremacy to all secular rulers and made the emperor overlord to all the kings of Europe.
What is Pope Innocent III known for?
Pope Innocent III Was Known For Calling the Fourth Crusade and the Albigensian Crusade, approving the works of Saint Dominic and Saint Francis of Assisi, and convoking the Fourth Lateran Council.
What did pope Innocent VIII do?
In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. In Rome, he ordered the Belvedere of the Vatican to be built, intended for summer use, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace.
Which pope was in charge of the Catholic Church during the 1930s?
Pius XII, original name Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, (born March 2, 1876, Rome, Italy—died October 9, 1958, Castel Gandolfo), pope, bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church, who had a long, tumultuous, and controversial pontificate (1939–58).
Who started papal supremacy?
The Catholic doctrine of papal supremacy is based on the assertion by the Bishops of Rome that it was instituted by Christ and that papal succession is traced back to Peter the Apostle in the 1st century.
Who is the current Pope of the Catholic Church?
Francis is the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church, in which capacity he is Bishop of Rome and absolute Sovereign of the Vatican City State. He the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first non-European pope since Pope Gregory III in 741.
What is a female pope called?
…the legend of a female Pope Joan appeared in the 13th century. During the course of the 2,000 years… pope, (Latin papa, from Greek pappas, “father”), the title, since about…
Who is considered the worst pope?
The Bad Popes
- Pope Stephen VI (896–897), who had his predecessor Pope Formosus exhumed, tried, de-fingered, briefly reburied, and thrown in the Tiber.
- Pope John XII (955–964), who gave land to a mistress, murdered several people, and was killed by a man who caught him in bed with his wife.
Who was the next pope after Borgia?
Following the death of the Borgia pope in 1503, Giuliano returned to Rome, having been 10 years in exile, and, after Pius III’s brief pontificate, was, with the liberal help of simony, elected Pope Julius II in October 1503.
Who was the pope in 1923?
Pius XI, original name Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, (born May 31, 1857, Desio, Lombardy, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]—died February 10, 1939, Rome, Italy), Italian pope from 1922 to 1939, one of the most important modern pontiffs.
Which Pope died of hiccups?
In a famous case, Pope Pius XII had long periods of hiccups, associated with gastritis, though he eventually died of a stroke.